RANSOM


RANSOM
RANSOM (Heb. כֹּפֶר, kofer), the compensation required to avoid bodily punishment or to free one's self from an undesirable state or condition (Isa. 43:3). The term kofer is related to the Akkadian kapāru ("to wipe off ") or kuppuru ("to expiate"). The substitution of a penal sum for corporal punishment was widespread in the ancient world. Thus, the Hittite Code provides for fixed damages for bodily harm; and the Bedouin, too, allowed for ransom as an alternative to blood vengeance. Except in the case of murder (Num. 35:31–34), the Israelites followed this practice too, though fixed sums do not seem to have existed in early times. Instead the principle of "measure for measure" was employed (Ex. 21:36; Lev. 24:18), together with specific standards for determining the compensation   (Ex. 21:19; 22:16). Later, set amounts were established (Deut. 22:29), such as the "redemption" fees for those consecrated to YHWH (Lev. 27). To be distinguished from kofer in the sense of "ransom," which is paid to an aggrieved party, is kofer in the sense of "bribe," which is paid to a judge in the hope of influencing his decision (I Sam. 12:3; Amos 5:12). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Pedersen, Israel, 1–2 (1926), 398–99; Pritchard, Texts, 189–90; E.A. Speiser, in: JBL, 182 (1963), 301–6. (David L. Lieber)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ransom — is the practice of holding a prisoner to extort money or property to secure their release, or it can refer to the sum of money involved.In early Germanic law a similar concept was called Weregild.In 78 BC, pirates of modern day Turkey captured… …   Wikipedia

  • Ransom — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Brayton Howard Ransom (1879–1925), US amerikanischer Parasitologe Caroline L. Ransom (1872–1952), US amerikanische Archäologin Epaphroditus Ransom (1798–1859), US amerikanischer Politiker John Crowe Ransom …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ransom — ran·som 1 n: a consideration paid or demanded for the release of someone or something from captivity see also kidnapping ransom 2 vt: to free from captivity by paying a price rape 1 vt raped, rap·ing [Latin rapere to seize and take away by force] …   Law dictionary

  • ransom — ► NOUN ▪ a sum of money demanded or paid for the release of a captive. ► VERB 1) obtain the release of (someone) by paying a ransom. 2) detain (someone) and demand a ransom for their release. ● hold to ransom Cf. ↑hold to ransom ● …   English terms dictionary

  • Ransom — Ran som (r[a^]n s[u^]m), n. [OE. raunson, raunsoun, OF. ran[,c]on, raen[,c]on, raan[,c]on, F. ran[,c]on, fr. L. redemptio, fr. redimere to redeem. See {Redeem}, and cf. {Redemption}.] 1. The release of a captive, or of captured property, by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ransom — Ransom, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 409 Housing Units (2000): 159 Land area (2000): 0.991359 sq. miles (2.567608 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.991359 sq. miles (2.567608 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ransom — Ran som, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ransomed} ( s[u^]md); p. pr. & vb. n. {Ransoming}.] [Cf. F. ran[,c]onner. See {Ransom}, n.] 1. To redeem from captivity, servitude, punishment, or forfeit, by paying a price; to buy out of servitude or penalty; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ransom —   [ rænsəm], John Crowe, amerikanischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker, * Pulaski (Tennessee) 30. 4. 1888, ✝ Gambier (Ohio) 3.7. 1974; studierte und lehrte (bis 1937) an der Vanderbilt University (Nashville, Tennessee), wo er zu den wichtigsten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ransom, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 409 Housing Units (2000): 159 Land area (2000): 0.991359 sq. miles (2.567608 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.991359 sq. miles (2.567608 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ransom, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 338 Housing Units (2000): 179 Land area (2000): 0.326169 sq. miles (0.844774 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.326169 sq. miles (0.844774 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places